Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania

Coordinates: 39°52′29″N 75°33′15″W / 39.87472°N 75.55417°W / 39.87472; -75.55417
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Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania
Kuerner Farm in Chadds Ford Township in July 2011
Kuerner Farm in Chadds Ford Township in July 2011
Flag of Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania
Official logo of Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania
Location of Chadds Ford Township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania (top) and of Delaware County in Pennsylvania (bottom)
Location of Chadds Ford Township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania (top) and of Delaware County in Pennsylvania (bottom)
Location of Chadds Ford Township in Pennsylvania
Location of Chadds Ford Township in Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°52′29″N 75°33′15″W / 39.87472°N 75.55417°W / 39.87472; -75.55417
CountryUnited States
 • Total8.72 sq mi (22.59 km2)
 • Land8.66 sq mi (22.43 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
315 ft (96 m)
 • Total3,640
 • Estimate 
 • Density431.18/sq mi (166.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)610 and 484
FIPS code42-045-12442
FIPS code42-045-12442
GNIS feature ID1216378

Chadds Ford Township is an affluent township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Philadelphia.

Prior to 1996, Chadds Ford Township was known as Birmingham Township; the name was changed to allow the township to correspond to both its census-designated place and to distinguish itself from the adjacent Birmingham Township in Chester County.[3] As of the 2010 census, Chadds Ford Township had a population of 3,640,[4] up from 3,170 at the 2000 census.

Chadds Ford was home to N. C. Wyeth, his son Andrew Wyeth, his daughter Ann Wyeth McCoy, and his grandson Jamie Wyeth. Brandywine Battlefield, the site of the Battle of Brandywine during the American Revolutionary War, is located in the township, along with Brandywine River Museum, which houses much of the Wyeth collection.


An Historic American Buildings Survey including Chadds Ford

The township's original name was Birmingham, which was given to it by William Brinton in remembrance of the town of the same name in England.[5]

Frances Chadsey, or Chads, improperly spelled Chadd, emigrated from Wiltshire, England in 1689 and lived in Chichester Township until 1696 when his name first appeared in the Birmingham Township tax records.

On September 11, 1777, the house owned by George Gilpin was occupied by General Howe of the British Army during the Battle of Brandywine.[6] The local significance of the battle is such that a 1940 guidebook noted that "a local barber displays a large sign: 'This is where Washington and Lafayette had a close shave.'"[7]

The Chad House, Chadds Ford Historic District, Gilpin Homestead, and William Painter Farm are all listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


The township is the westernmost in Delaware County and is bordered to the west by Chester County, to the south by the state of Delaware, and to the east by Concord Township. The southern border is part of the Twelve-Mile Circle border between Delaware and Pennsylvania. Brandywine Creek forms the western boundary of both the township and of Delaware County.

The village of Chadds Ford is in the northwestern part of the township, and a small piece of Dilworthtown is in the northern corner of the township.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.70%, is water.[4]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chadds Ford Township is in a transitional zone betweenf the humid subtropical and humid continental climatic zones. Of these two climate zones, Chadds Ford has much more in common with the humid continental climate.[8] The hardiness zone is 7a. [1] Archived February 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Average monthly temperatures in the village center of Chadds Ford range from 31.5 °F in January to 75.9 °F in July. [2]


Historical population

As of 2010 census, the racial makeup of the township was 89.4% White, 1.4% African American, 0.0% Native American, 7.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population [3][dead link].


Chadds Ford Township is located in the Unionville-Chadds Ford School District and public school students attend the district's schools.[10] High school students attend Unionville High School in Kennett Square.

Rachel Kohl Library serves Chadds Ford Township.[11]

Points of interest[edit]


US 202 northbound and 322 westbound along the northeast edge of Chadds Ford Township

As of 2020, there were 31.02 miles (49.92 km) of public roads in Chadds Ford Township, of which 17.67 miles (28.44 km) were maintained by Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and 13.35 miles (21.48 km) were maintained by the township.[12]

U.S. Route 1 (Baltimore Pike) runs through the northern part of the township and intersects U.S. Routes 202 and 322 at Painters Crossroads on the township's eastern border. US 1 leads southwest toward Maryland, while US 202 leads south to Wilmington, Delaware, and US 322 leads east to Chester. US 202 and 322 together lead north to West Chester.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Chadds Ford Township - History". Chadds Ford Township. 2010. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015. After many years of confusion over distinguishing its identity from Birmingham, Chester County, a number of residents of Birmingham, Delaware County, requested the board of supervisors to pass a resolution seeking a change of name from Birmingham Township to Chadds Ford Township.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chadds Ford township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  5. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1883). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 311. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  6. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1883). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 313. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). Pennsylvania: A Guide to the Keystone State (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 417.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Editing Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania
  9. ^ "Census 2020".
  10. ^ "Home - Chadds Ford Elementary School".
  11. ^ "About Us." Kohl Library. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  12. ^ "Chadds Ford Township map" (PDF). PennDOT. Retrieved March 12, 2023.

External links[edit]